The Foreign Affairs News The Leading News Portal
May 21, 2024

STIs pose challenges

Avatar photo
FA News Desk

Global HIV, viral hepatitis epidemics and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) continue to pose significant public health challenges, causing 2.5 million deaths each year, according to a new WHO report.

Data show that STIs are increasing in many regions. Four curable STIs – syphilis (Treponema pallidum), gonorrhoea (Neisseria gonorrhoeae), chlamydia (Chlamydia trachomatis), and trichomoniasis (Trichomonas vaginalis) – account for over 1 million infections daily.

In 2022, there were 230 000 syphilis-related deaths. Around 1.2 million new hepatitis B cases and nearly 1 million new hepatitis C cases were recorded.

New HIV infections only reduced from 1.5 million in 2020 to 1.3 million in 2022. Five key population groups — men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, sex workers, transgender individuals, and individuals in prisons and other closed settings — still experience significantly higher HIV prevalence rates than the general population.

Globally, HIV treatment coverage reached 76%, with 93% of people receiving treatment achieving suppressed viral loads.

The report also outlines various recommendations to achieve the targets.