Foreign Affairs News The Leading News Portal
Opinion
Feb 10, 2022

Passports of Japan, Singapore Rank Top

Sandhya Shrestha
Passports of Japan & Singapore
Passports of Japan & Singapore

Nepal Stands at 105th Position

A passport is an official travel document issued by a country’s government to its citizens for the purpose of international travel that verifies the identity and nationality of the holder that typically contain the bearer’s name, place of birth, date of birth, the date of issue, date of expiry, passport number, photo and signature.

A passport is required for all international travel anywhere overseas. You need a passport to board an international flight and to enter the country.

Today almost all nations’ passports are Machine Readable Passports (MRP).  But in advance, many nations issue (or plan to issue) biometric passports that contain an embedded microchip making them machine readable and difficult to counterfeit.

The ‘passport value’ is defined as the difference between national income net of capital charges, wage costs and taxes when divided equally among the population; and is shown to depend on per capita income, the rate of growth and the parameters of the production function.

There are various kinds of passports issued for different purposes. In Nepal, the government has issued Ordinary (Green), Official (Blue), Diplomatic (Red) and Travel Document (Black) passports.

As of January 2019, there were over 150 jurisdictions issuing e-passports, said the report.

According to the report, there are normal passports issued for general citizens, official passports issued for the purpose of an official visit, and diplomatic passports issued for the diplomatic staff. Besides, the passport is also issued for refugee status as well as also issued travel documents for the specific purposes.

According to onestep4ward.com there are 215 travel destinations including countries across the world that require a passport to enter the borders. But according to the United Nations there are 193 countries who are associated with the UN as member states.

The Henley Passport Index is the original, authoritative ranking of all the world’s passports according to the number of destinations their holders can access without a prior visa. The index is based on exclusive data from the International Air Transport Association (IATA)–the largest, most accurate travel information database – and enhanced by Henley & Partners’ research team.

With historical data spanning 17 years, the Henley Passport Index is the only one of its kind based on exclusive data from the International Air Transport Authority (IATA). The index includes 199 different passports and 227 different travel destinations.

Updated quarterly, the Henley Passport Index is considered the standard reference tool for global citizens and sovereign states when assessing where a passport ranks on the global mobility spectrum.

According to the Henley Passport Index (HPI, Japan’s retaining its position as the world’s strongest passport reflects on how it thrives off globalization.

The passports of Japan and Singapore top the list of being the most powerful passports in the world for the year 2022. According to data from the International Air Transport Association, analyzed by immigration consultants Henley& Partners, citizens of those two nations can travel to 192 of 227 destinations without having to secure a visa. However, could obtain a visa on arrival at the immigration counter easily.

It is the third year that Singapore and Japan passports have become the most powerful passports in the world.

Likewise, the passports of South Korea and Germany can be obtained on arrival visas in 190 countries.  

Finland, Italy, Luxembourg and Spain rank in the 3rd position with having the ability to travel 189 countries without visa.

UK, USA, Switzerland, Norway, New Zealand and Belgium passports rank in the 6th position having access to 186 nations travel without visa.

Nepal Passport

However, Nepal passport is listed in the 105th position that has access to 37 countries to travel without visa.

Afghanistan has the weakest passport in the world by travel freedom. The HPI places Afghanistan at the bottom of its list, in 111th place. A passport issued by Afghanistan allows the holder to enter only 26 countries and territories without applying for a visa in advance.

No country is guaranteed entry into every single one, but rising global mobility allows those in the top positions to come very close. It’s no wonder that more people are applying for dual-passport.

Also, various countries in Europe, Caribbean, Middle East, America, Africa, Asia and Pacific also offer citizenship by Investment Programs, Residence by Investment Programs.

There is a provision of dual citizenship also. The concept of dual nationality means that a person is a national of two countries at the same time. 

Albania, Djibouti, Fiji, Finland, France, Iceland, Malta, Moldova, Morocco, Mozambique, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, the Czech Republic allow dual citizenship with the US.

Dual citizenship (also known as dual nationality) is allowed in the UK. This means anyone can be a British citizen and also a citizen of other countries.

Argentina, Paraguay, Italy, Ireland and Dominica are the five easiest countries to get dual citizenship.